3DR Solo Cube 5v modification (Run ArduCopter safely with stock cube)

3DR Solo Cube (Pixhawk 2.0) outputs 3.3v PWM, the IO buffers run off 3.3v on both sides, while they are perfectly capable of delivering 5v.  Using 5v is safer when using 3DR Solo firmware with PWM slew rate, and required for ArduCopter code on Solo.

The simple solution is to purchase “Green cube” (usually sold out)  or modify Pixhawk 2.1

The alternative solution, is to modify Solo’s Pixhawk 2.0 Cube.

This does require some soldering skills, and can be done by any semi-decent repair shop if you cannot do it yourself.

(The width of the buffer chip is 4.5mm)

The two first images show two different PCB layouts of the Pixhawk 2.0 cube, so everybody should recognize, and stick to one 🙂

Open the cube, and locate the rightmost buffer ic. (TXS0108E marked YF08E)

Desolder the buffer (here seen on another PCB layout):

Cut the trace that feeds the upper left pad:

Re-solder the buffer:

Attach a thin wire to the pin. (provide 5v to the buffer’s VccB)

The other end of wires are routed to the clearly labelled 5v pad in the upper right corner of the Pixhawk2.0 :

Finally, clean and cover wire using conformal coating, to prevent vibrations to damage it: (UV inspection below)

Congratulations, output 1…8 output is now 5v.

Final note: the UV inspection picture picture shows another buffer, not used for PWM, the photos are taken on different occasions, and while batch processing many, not only one, so the time is not 30minutes between desolder and resoldering one device as timestamp may suggest.

Should you use a professional to do this job, it should take <15 minutes.

Modified files for uploading using Solex (Just copy into /Solex/download/package)  – The only modification is to make Solex ignore the fact that the modified cube still runs the old 3DR fork of ArduCopter.

Once you upgrade to the 3.5.2 I provided here, you can continue to upgrade to newer versions using SSH /Solex and/or OpenSolo as if you had the greeen cube.

(2) Wipe Pixhawk Firmware for 5v mod

(3) ArduCopter 3.5.2 Firmware for 5v mod

(There is nothing special with the ArcuCopter build itself, only the )

3DR Solo GPS/GNSS NEO M8N upgrade

3DR Solo GPS upgrade to uBlox M8N – the cheap’n’simple ($15) way:

Be sure to buy a GPS that looks like this:

several sellers on Ebay sell them for less than US$15 including shipping from China.

4 Screws later, inside, strip the wire, and interface with a standard FTDI cable for configuration:


Using uBlox u-Center
Yes, it’s windows-only, that sucks, but it runs just fine in Wine , just make a link to the serial device like:
sudo ln -s /dev/ttyUSB0 ~/.wine/dosdevices/com5

configure NAV5 like this:

remember to store to flash:

Remove Solo’s GPS module, by making two small grooves in the pcb where the two screw-holes are, the PCB if held in place by the two original screws.

Cut off one of the connectors, and solder the wires to the pads:
Yellow to TX
Brown to RX

Sony QX1 Focus/Trigger control and feedback for drone use.

 RC, PWM control for QX1.

Buy QX1 modification service ($150)

Sony ILCE-QX1 has great specifications at low weight, which makes it good for UAV photogrammetry use.  It can be configured using WiFi , then retain the configuration. (so it’s not necessary to even enable wifi for each operation.

About the modification:

The pop-up flash assembly is removed, an microcontroller replaces the flash assembly, it’s interfacing the motherboard indirectly, via FPC. The flash cover is slightly cut to make space for the servo (PWM input)   and logic level output that indicates shutter operation.

Can reliably do manual-focus shoot every 700ms. (no drops)

The camera will continue to function normally as before when the PWM interface is not supplied with power, except for the flash.

The modification requires micro-soldering; most narrow are three points within 1mm distance. Naturally, it voids camera warranty. (so test camera well before getting it modified.)

Features of the modification:

  • Camera will not shut down when inactive..
  • 3-wire servo connector (PWM input)
  • 1-wire logic output (high on shutter) -allows precise GPS positioning of each photo, and confirmation to the AP that photo is taken.
  • Command “Shoot” (just trigger a photo, for preset/manual focus)
  • Command “autofocus for 500ms, then shoot”
  • Command “autofocus for 1s, then shoot”


Suggested ArduPilot setup:

CAM_FEEDBACK_PIN (set to correct input)


PWM Commands:

990us … 1400us = Shoot instantly (manual focus)
1401us … 1600us = Idle
1601us … 1800us = autofocus 0.5s , shoot
1801us … 2200us =autofocus 1s , shoot

I can convert your camera, but I am unable to provide QX1 cameras from Norway.

Contact for more information.

PWM>FLIR: Control FLIR TAU, TAU2, Quark using PWM (RC Radio)


A quick demo, switching between 8 modes using a servo-tester. The TAU640 in this video is set for outdoor use, and does not show the full advantage of Ice&Fire modes inside.



What you get:

  • A microcontroller on a small PCB (18x33x3mm) with soldering pads. Preprogrammed with 8 different modes as in this video, or up to 10 custom modes (as ordered).
  • The circuit works on 5v, uses less than 10mA.  You can connect it using 3 wires,  just like a servo)
  • The modes are selected using a knob on your transmitter, PWM decide mode, just like a servo position.
  • Serial data, is sent from the device to your FLIR device using one wire – (assuming you have common ground)
  • The common modes in this test video shows 8 modes I’ve found very useful.

What you need:

  • FLIR TAU ,TAU2, or QUARK thermal core.
  • For TAU,  “Wearsaver” helps a lot.  – It offers big soldering pads for connecting to the Hirose 50p connector. RX(pin2)
  • For Quark , you need to connect the serial signal to pin 15 of the Samtec 60 pin – connector. or to the breakout board, if you that.

Connection instructions:

Connect PWM (white wire) from your receiver to pad9 on PWM>FLIR device
Connect “-” (black wire) from your receiver to GND on the PWM>FLIR device
Connect “+” (red wire) from your receiver to VCC on the PWM>FLIR device

Connect pad8 on the device to your RX pad on wear saver, thats solder pad with green ring in the picture below.
Connect ground and +5v to TAU (black and red pads in picture below)

Finally, for information only:composite video out is on the yellow pad, and video ground on the blue pad on the TAU wearsaver.

TAU Wearsaver connection

Default mode configuration is:

1, white hot, no zoom , spatial threshold gain 34d.
2 white hot, 2x zoom, spatial threshold gain 34d.
3 Black Hot, no zoom , spatial threshold gain 34d.
4 Black Hot, 2x zoom, Spatial threshold = 9d
5 Fusion,no zoom, spatial threshold gain 34d.
6 ICE & Fire, no zoom, spatial threshold gain 34d.
7 Rainbow, no zoom, Spatial threshold, Gain = 34d
8 ICE & Fire, no zoom , Spatial threshold 17d

You can output a PWM from an autopilot, controlled by GCS, having any GUI you prefer.  – Or , if  you are will be controlling the PWM directly from a RC radio, you  do not need a rotary knob with steps, it’s perfectly easy to hit desired mode even with smooth knob due to the quick visual change, and equal “distance” between modes.

Buy PWM>FLIR interface ($160)

(Cart will appear below)

Double DIN car computer

It’s long time since last time I published a new buildlog/project.
My new car needed a decent stereo,  it had a “iProduct” interface, but I needed something better.
Unlike my previous car computer projects, I did not wish to install an amp + carputer in the trunk, and run VGA,USB and speaker cables forth and back. I wished to have everything integrated in the dashboard.

The idea was to build according to ISO standard, then use a Toyota<>ISO-harness adapter.
Using the ISO-Toyota harness and integrating an amplifier also makes it easy to control the car’s active sub kit and active antenna, without modification.

Analysis of the resistive buttons connector in Avensis
This is the control module interface documentation, a RJ45 connector between computer & external controls.
This is the control panel itself, controls power mode (always on/always off/follow ignition) camera select and reset switch built into the ashtray,(usually closed)
Lilliput 629 (7″ touchscreen) disassembled
The resulting analysis of the proprietary connector of the display controller. Cables with proper motherboard connectors are now soldered directly to it.
The Lilliput needed to have some shielding cut off to fit better inside the (far from perfect) Double-DIN box
The display’s edges needed to be padded, to prevent the double-din frame from “touching” the touchscreen area.
Display, and display controller installed, IR sensor and buttons relocated.
Don’t repeat my mistake, while waiting for this motherboard, I built proper 2,54 connectors for VGA,USB,Audio and so on, just to discover the pin headers on this motherboard are 2.0mm !
Circuit for relay control. (provides power to display, amp, external amp(active sub), and antenna output).
Motherboard+PSU installed, the hard-drive is below motherboard
The amplifier is now installed (built around a TDA7850 (4x~50W) plus BA3121 ground isolation amplifiers.).
Radio module installed, The blue cable in the control port simulates the “usual” control-panel configuration for lab-use (follow ignition) and use reverse camera
That’s it, ISO connector compatible device. with internal radio, and amplifier.
Installed in car, displaying reflection because it’s off.
Running Centrafuse
I also modified the “hibernating” screen with a custom logo – removing windows logo feels good, looking forward to the release of Centrafuse for Linux. Picture

XBOX S-Video + SPDIF mod

This mod gives S-Video output, and SPDIF (digital audio) output, plus removes the need for the original audio+video cable

Why:  XBOX usually delivers Composite Video output + Stereo output.   With an “Advanced” cable, user can enjoy RGB video & optical SPDIF.
I wanted higher video quality then composite video delivers, and my projector (as most projectors) does not support RGB.S-Video is better then Composite, mostly because it uses 2 wires (Luminance & Chrominance) , instead of  just using one wire, as Composite does.

This mod allows XBOX to boot & work just fine without the original audio+video-cable connected.

The original cable is still working after modding this way.

This should not be necessary to say, :  This voids your XBOX warranty instantly 🙂

+The original connector/cable will still work as before.

I skip schematics – here goes the pictures…  they say it all:

Finding the signals/connecting to them:

This picture shows the solder-side of the XBOX motherboard, where the video+audio connector is mounted.
RED long wire,  goes to the center of the SPDIF connector.
WHITE wire, is the S-VIDEO Luminance line
GREEN wire, is the S-VIDEO Chrominance line
The thin RED wire that connects three solder-points , connects two sensing-points to GND, When this two points are grounded – XBOX is cheated to believing that the original cable is connected, AND  SPDIF digital audio output is enabled

TRICK:  Usually – I would also need to connect the Y-GND & C-GND lines too.  XBOX is fortunately well build and uses common ground for all I/O lines, and therefore, I will use the ground from the XBOX  chassis instead..

Now , The connectors:

This is the inside of XBOX’s rear shielding plate.,

I drilled some holes, and inserted:
One female RCA connector for the SPDIF
One female S-VIDEO connector
Both connector’s shields are soldered to the XBOX’s chassis-shield (perfect ground source, XBOX motherboard is very well grounded at several points)

Finally , Connecting the connectors:

*1  =  S-Video connector.   There are two more pins beneath the two you see.  These pins are connected to ground.
*2  =  SPDIF, ground connected by soldering shield to the XBOX shield

HINT: You can see I removed the tin-fan-grills that  were between the fan and the plastic fan-grills.  I did it to improve air-flow.

A better alternative :

Using shielded cables might give higher quality – I did not see any difference, but here’s some pictures of this mod with shielded cables…

Modifying E-Dimensional ED-Glasses (3d glasses)

This will void your warranty !

This picture shows the two dongles that are necessary needed , the big one is the controller , with infrared connector (for wireless glasses) & the other connector for wired glasses.  This controller needs +5Volt at pin #9 in order to work.

Some graphic adapters deliver +5 volt @ pin#9 , Nvidia’s reference-design based adapters does not. you will also need external +5volt if you want to use the stereo glasses on/after a KVM switch or with an extension cable.

This is when you need the power adapter , the smaller one , it’s gutted on this picture , but it’s just a PS2 keyboard male+female (pass thru) adapter that connects between the PS2 port an keyboard in order to leech some power , and then deliver it to pin #9 in the smaller VGA-VGA (DSUB15) dongle.


I thought that 2 adapters were one too much , so I chopped off the PS2/PS2 connector cable from the small dongle and found that both wires inside were connected together to +5volt (the bigger dongle is already connected to GND by the shield , and R,G,B-ground.

Then I drilled a hole in the dongle for the cable (can be seen on both pictures)


The black wire with the red shrink wrap and red wire in  center is the one , it goes straight for the second idle drilled wire-pad on the dongle’s board.

+5 Volt delivered , and only one dongle needed – less cable macaroni.

I like the product , it’s one of those gadget’s you can buy and NOT regret it the day after    – the dongle is of high quality and does NOT cause poor picture quality at high resolution/refresh rate , I just removed it for a cleaner setup.

You can also use USB connector to get the +5v .


E-D Glasses is trademark of http://www.e-dimensional.com/

Extra fan sensors for Motherboard Monitor

how to add 4..16 extra tachometers to your computer

Motherboard Monitor by Alexander van Kaam is a great freeware that uses hardware monitoring chips found on most Pentium and all newer motherboards. MBM will detect and use the circuit described below.

Some motherboards have 4 monitored fan connectors ,others have only 2. They all have one thing in common: the SMBus.

Want to add 4, 8, 12  or 16 more fan sensors ?

One of my computers is a fulltower with 14 harddrives, 12port hardware RAID controller , SCSI adapter and is cooled by 5 fans in the cabinet + one on CPU , plus 2 in PSU and 2 in drive cage.

So I needed to to monitor more fans.
I choose the MAX6651 16 pin QSOP IC. (datasheet)

You can get one at http://www.maxim-ic.com/
MAX6651 offers 4 fan monitors (tachometer), and five programmable I/O ports.and voltage control that could be used to control fan speed.


Resistors 10K

Please add a 10nF capacitor between GND and VCC near the chip.

ADD is the pin that sets the IC’s SMBUS address, there can be up to four MAX6651’s on the same bus and the address is set by:
-ADD Connected to GND
-ADD Connected to VCC (+5V)
-ADD Not Connected (floating)
-ADD Connected to GND using a 10K resistor.

SMBus Connector:

Motherboards SMBus connector is 5-pin and is configured like this:
2-(not used)

Most decent motherboards have such connector, if you cannot find it, or your motherboard do not have it, thengo to my “locating SMBUS” page for instructions.


Some additional info from the author of MBM:

The MAX6651 is a sensor chip only for fan readout, this sensor chip is not automatically detected by MBM because it has no device ID and it can be located on an address which a normal sensor chip uses, so if I where to auto-detect it many users would suddenly get this sensor chip in their fan list while they don’t even have it

Edit the MBM 5.ini file and find the [ADVANCED] section, add the line MAX6651=1 this will make MBM scan for it.

Please understand that the fan divider on this sensor chip counts for ALL fans and thus should be set the same for all the MAX6651’s of 1 chip found. The last one MBM sets when starting up is the one that will overrule all others


Fan 1 : MAX6651-1-1 : divider 2
Fan 2 : MAX6651-1-1 : divider 4
Fan 2 : MAX6651-1-1 : divider 8
Fan 4 : MAX6651-1-1 : divider 4

for all fans MBM will set the divider to 4 since Fan 4 has it at 4.

The challenge….

…Is to connect the small QSOP package MAX6651 comes in.

You should be happy MAX6651 is so small , with that little mass it picks up temperature changes really quick (local sensor in huge packages is always sluggish)

So all you have to do , is connect those pins , each pin is 0.25mm wide, and there is one pin each 0.6 mm.
That is : “on less than 5mm there is 8 pins to solder”.

You need a soldering iron with a small tip.

SMBus uses only weak (20mA) open collector outputs. It’s not possible to destroy I2C or SMBus by short Data and/or Clock to GND or VCC or to each other.

The easy way….

You can order a prototype QSOP PCB http://smt-adapter.com/ (*) that have large terminals and are easy to work with .

*Thanks goes to Brian Macomber for providing the link.

Some Pictures….

just a test computer – observe the “Fan 4…..Fan 7”

The black 4-pin connector is the “floppy power” connector – it’s there to provide power (+12volt) to the fans.
The double green connector is the SMBUS connector that goes to the motherboard – there are two of them (above each other) to allow chaining of more SMBUS devices , like even more fan sensors or temperature sensors.



Q: how can I make a fanbus that is able to control the fan speed/(voltage) ?
A: The MAX6651 have several outputs, but only one is “almost” suitable for controlling speed. To be able to smoothly control the voltage to each fan, a simple D/A output is not enough.


Additional Info/thnx:

Per Ullman – shows you here how he build this project by connecting to the RAM DIMM sockets, rather than soldering on the DIMM’S.

 Thanks to:

Alexander van Kaam – not only for MBM, but also for quick help and additional info.

Adding extra temperature sensors for MBM

How to connect more temperature sensors to Motherboard Monitor

Motherboard Monitor by Alexander van Kaam is a great freeware that uses hardware monitoring chips found on many Pentium and all newer motherboards. MBM will automatically detect and use the circuit described below.

Some motherboards have 3 external  temperature sensors ,other have 3 internal.
Some can monitor negative voltages , other does not. They all have one thing in common : the SMBus.

Want to add 5 , 10 or 45 more temperature sensors ?

I am using water cooling and “needed” more than my 3 temperature sensors (as one is on motherboard and the two others monitors the two CPUs) , after looking into the wide sensor support MBM offers I decided to try to attach another chip to the SMBus (Intel’s version of Philips’s I2C multimaster bus).

 MAX1668 16 pin QSOP IC. (datasheet)


You can get one at http://www.maxim-ic.com/
The 1668 offers one local (on chip)  sensor and 4 diode-coupled-transistor sensors.

Transistor-sensors is what you want , a little more work , but more accurate , and they already exists in CPU’s , GPU’s and other IC’s with internal sensor.

The schematic is very easy , and needs few external components.

(*)=  2200pF capacitors –not needed if you use twisted pair wires.
(*)=  +.1uF capacitor – used for decoupling.
(*)=  200Ohm resistor – can be omitted (just use a wire instead) as you use only 5volt (SMBus)
(*)=  10K resistor –not needed, as you are not using ALERT output.

The sensors , (transistors) can be BC547 with basis connected to collector. they work only when connected correctly , there is no risk to damage anything if reverse-connected, the sensor will not work until corrected..
BC547 is a very old , cheap ,  and small transistor , and it’s body volume can be reduced to less than half with a Dremel-tool. (the copper/silicone part is really small)  There is no need to use any expensive transistors , all that really matters is that it’s a silicone (not germanium) transistor , and not a darlington coupled one.



Each MAX1668 have an 7 bit address that is unique to this SMBUS device, and no other similar device will have. The 3 LSB (least significant bits) of this adress can be changed by ADD0 and ADD1 pins.

If you want to have more than one MAX1668 on the SMBUS, each of them needs and unique address.

The table below shows the 9 possible configurations, and where to connect ADD0 and ADD1 pins:

GND Floating
Floating GND
Floating Floating
Floating VCC
VCC Floating

(Floating means “not connected”)

  …YES , It means you can have nine MAX1668 on the same SMBus at the same time with no problems , just make sure each have it’s own unique address. Just choose an address , MBM will detect any.

Any unused sensor inputs should be shorted (to prevent floating) , and shorting one tells the chip that sensor is not in use.

SMBus Connector:

Motherboards SMBus connector is 5-pin and is configured like this:
2-(not used)

Most decent motherboards have such connector, if you cannot find it, or your motherboard do not have it, thengo to my “locating SMBUS” page for instructions.

The challenge….

…Is to connect the small QSOP package MAX1668 comes in.

You should be happy MAX1668 is so small , with that little body it picks up temperature changes really quick (local sensor in huge packages is always sluggish)

So all you have to do , is connect those pins , each pin is 0.25mm wide, and there is one pin each 0.6 mm.
That is : “on less than 5mm there is 8 pins to solder”.

SMBus uses only weak (20mA) open collector outputs. Theoretically it’s impossible to destroy I2C or SMBus by short Data and/or Clock to GND or VCC or to each other.

The easy way….

You can order a prototype QSOP PCB http://smt-adapter.com/ (*) that have large terminals and are easy to work with .. or you might look for it at www.elfa.se  , if you get such pcb , then just place the QSOP package on the PCB and heat up the terminals , no soldering needed.

*Thanks goes to Brian Macomber for providing the link.

Some Pictures….

…This is how mine MAX1668 board looks , the chip is mounted on a DIL16 socket, the 8 pins to the left are 4 connectors  for external sensors (you can see they are color-coded) , the last one has a jumper , a jumper instead of a sensor tells the chip that this input is not used , and it returns 0°C.

This is one of the “sensors” , a modified BC547 transistor , as you see it’s less than half size of a normal BC547 , I’ve made even smaller ones now. The transistors should be “diode-coupled” – it means their basis and collector is shorted.  One wire goes to the basis+collector , the other to emitter.


This picture shows the size of MAX1668 compared to some known objects , (BC547 transistor and a jumper)

“Air” – is the local on-chip sensor
“Nvidia GPU” is a transistor-sensor on the back side of PCB where the GPU is.
“Water” is usually water temperature , , showing maximum temp , because it’s disconnected to demonstrate what you see before sensor is correctly connected

Thanks to:

-Antonio , for reporting an error on this page  , and helping with a fix.
-Chris, for grammar check.

-Lee Hollis – for showing people how he accomplished this project

-Andreas Lenz – for showing people how he did it, in German

PainmakerLCD 2

Worlds most advanced paintball marker controller. (back in’97)

New electronics for Brass Eagle’s Rainmaker

-who says the standard Rainmaker must be ugly-grey  – here it is in  black(picture taken with flash)

(I do not sell them anymore – sorry)

This is what you get :
-PainmakerLCD board
-Better trigger switch , (much tighter)
-The optocoupler if you want to use the  Revolution-Starter option
-Schematics you might need.
-Shipping to anywhere on Earth

Those were sold for US$ 230.


Some facts :

  • – all electronics are inside the fore-grip , on two dual-sided PCB’s with a “bus” in-between
  • – CPU is a  20Mhz RISC processor , with 8KB Flash EEPROM  .
  • – The Source code (ver 1.0) were 3328 lines of pure assembly. (takes 48 A4 pages when printed)
  • – All settings / preferences are saved in EEPROM ,… no battery is needed to keep settings.
  • – All menus / functions are controlled by only three buttons .
  • – Electronic Safety is on when in any configuration menu. or reloading (loader lid open)
  • – It’s powered by one 9V Ni-Mh battery inside the grip , but can also take 12Volts or more.
  • – It have both a high-intensity LED and high-frequency beep (hard to localize the sound , HF sound does not travel as far as lower freq. do) , beeping  is  used for warnings/alarms/ button-confirmation + +


Features & Menus:

It all starts with Intro …


(Ready For Action: Totally fired 0015 , this round 0000 , LFT(left in loader 188 balls))

(This is the playing screen)

This is how the LCD looks like during a game. There are two independent counters that can be reset when you like , and can be saved to EEPROM and loaded at next game.


Load/Save Configuration , Painmaker LCD loads all previously saved settings at each boot, if you then make any changes they will not be saved until you save them , on the other hand , you can make some changes you are not happy with , and just load the previous  (takes only two button-presses to do that.)


(After 278 balls are fired the last round (since last RND reset), totally 278 this “day” (since last TOT reset) , and there is 13 left in loader) so the LED is lit as a warning (because warning is on (in this case) if there are <=25balls left)

(This is the playing screen)

This is ho

w the LCD looks like during a game


The loader detected that the loader lid is open ,(reloading) the display is showing this , until the loader is closed , safety is on.  , the LED is turned off.


Loader is closed , the result of the above calculation (balls left + balls in a pouch) is 116.  (This is the playing screen)


Reset menu : allows to reset total counter , and/or round counter  “-” is left button “+” is right button


Menu : Battery – Shows battery voltage ,+/- 0.01 volt ,( it’s calibrated with a Fluke.)

this is updated so fast ,  that voltage changes are “animated” on the LCD (when 46 changes to 45 both “6” and “5” are showing because the 10bit DAC cannot decide the LSB        very cool.


Low Battery Warning Menu : … user can decide when the low-battery warning (audio) should be activated, (the minimum working voltage is different for Ni-Mh , Ni-Cd & Alkaline batteries.   (+/- buttons increase/decrease this value , holding down “+” increases value fast , holding down “-” decreases value fast)

a “beep” sounds every idle 2 sec if voltage is low


If the battery is low , It’s also on the main screen…


Temperature :  a precalibrated to 0.5° C state-of-the-art IC is measuring the temperature , and sending the results serially to the CPU  ,     It’s not like the “AngelLCD” thermometer        , but a really professional (industrial) thermometer , calibrated to +/- 0,5°C .      If you live in Norway (like me) and play when it’s about 10°C     , it might be cool to know how cold it is , as the paint starts breaking really easy at that low temperatures . It might be useful at high temperatures too.

added Fahrenheit degrees , at first I wanted to calculate it , but it’s pretty difficult because of the decimals needed ,  , so I use a lookup-table , to save space the table have 60 entries , 1..60 °C  , so the Centigrade has higher resolution (0.5deg) and the Fahrenheit temperature is the same for 25°C and 25.5°C.


Configure menu is where settings like burst-size and loader capacity is set in “setup” part , and burst-on/off , fullauto and other are under “modes”  , go to left or right to continue setup from here.

Loader capacity presets the maximum Loader capacity … (+/- buttons increase/decrease this value)

188 is the space in a Revolution + it’s neck.

Pouch capacity must be known, (to add right amount of balls when loading) … (“+”/”-” buttons increase/decrease this value , holding down “+” increases value fast , holding down “-” decreases value fast)

Here is the low ammo warning configuration , it’s now set to warn me when 25 balls are left (“+”/”-” buttons increase/decrease this value , holding down “+” increases fast , holding down “-” decreases fast)


Tournament-Lock    This menu will ONLY appear if the Tournament-Lock is ON  and then NONE of the menus below will show. Causing the last selected configuration being used without any way to change it during game.

This is THE BEST Tournament-Lock feature because :  It will let me not only lock-out the coolest features , (like any Tournament-Lock does)  , but It allows to keep any settings , and only restrict changes.    Like : I’m will play in a Scenario-Game (Command & Conquer) which allows any fire-mode up to 9bps , even fully automatic  . So I can choose any mode I like , and still restrict myself from being able too choose 13bps . by selecting Tournament-Lock when rebooting  ,  , and a battery-change does NOT affect the Lock’s state.

The only way to toggle this selection is to reboot , while holding all 3 menu-buttons (beeping) depressed in about 2 seconds (during the boot & intro sequence) which is  , needless to say , not possible during the game.  (playing with battery & beeping 2 seconds will catch referees attention.) m and the process would need to be undone at end of game.

the display also shows that Tournament-Lock is active during the game , (unless when that space is used to tell important things like Low-Battery) , anyway the first “Tournament Lock is On” can be reproduced.

Dwell Adjust : 1…30 ms in 1ms steps .

  no rainmaker can shoot at speeds like 15bps ,because it will not have time enough to feed each ball , only the balls that quickly gets into place.   this is because of the low pressure controlled ram needs a minimum of time to cycle the mechanism . and at higher rate-of-fire there is very little time to feed next ball.    When this time is too long , time is wasted , precious time that could be used to feed ball… (any default configuration on any controller board  waste some time)   on the other hand ,      When this time is too short , The rainmaker will have a significant blowback , (because it’ll open the “chamber” when there is still very high pressure in the barrel) , of if this time is way-to-short , it will not fire at all , (the ram is reversed before it’s in hammer-release position)

So , this value should be set as low as possible , allowing normal function ,  this will extend the ball-loading-time.   This setting does NOT influence the rate-of-fire in any way, each ms set here is compensated for.

The optimal value of this setting will vary from rainmaker to rainmaker , because the time delay needed is dependent on : low-pressure-spring , ram , and hammer spring.

Also , having the optimal setting will save battery , the 9volt battery works pretty hard when it opens the MAC valve.  Because of the way PainmakerLCD is constructed it uses a higher voltage to control the Power-MOS-FET that opens the 6volt valve.  This gives a impressive raise-time and very “strict” MAC-valve movement.   , (anyway use Ni-Cd rechargeable battery)

To make the adjustment easier to try out , There are 2 Dwell settings that can be programmed , and then toggled.


Configuration of  “burst” or “family” mode      (“+”/”-” buttons increase/decrease this value , holding down “+” increases fast , holding down “-” decreases fast)


BurstStop = (On/Off) let’s user choose if a burst should be interrupted when trigger released , or not.



AutoBurst = (On/Off) , Similar to AutoRepeat , if on , burst repeats with a brief pause in between (until trigger released) , a three ball burst sounds like “bang-bang-bang….bang-bang-bang….bang-bang-bang….”


Autorepeat :  whatever the fire mode is (normal/burst/turbo) , when trigger is held down 250ms (0.25sec) , the Painmaker switches to fully automatic until trigger is released , good for bad situations   (and then returns to the mode it was in before) ,  (pressing “+” is “ON” , pressing “-” is “OFF”)


Burst: turns on/off the burst/family mode , which can be set to anything between 2 and 255 balls            (pressing “+” is “ON” , pressing “-” is “OFF”)


Fully-automatic : turns on/off the ammo-wasting mode.        (pressing “+” is “ON” , pressing “-” is “OFF”)

Turbo Mode menu : turns on/off the turbo mode.        (pressing “+” is “ON” , pressing “-” is “OFF”)


Fire rate , applies to all fire-modes and can be programmed to anything between 6.5 and 15** balls/s in 0.5rounds/s increments  (“+”/”-” buttons increase/decrease this value one step each click)) this setting limits the fire rate in ANY selected mode. It applies to all fire modes.

**There is no gravity-loader that will provide more than 13balls/second continuously (more than 4 shots), my tests gave me some “blanks” in between shots.  There are many things that will set the  maximum fire-rate you can achieve :  Loader, Dwell -(shorter is better) ,Low-Pressure system’s pressure (a little higher pressure will move bolt faster) , Bolt , (heavy bolt will move slower) +.

I made the selection go to 15bps in 0.5bps steps to allow everybody experiment and find your own maximum setting , my calculations (of recorded audio form Rainmaker) makes me believe that 15bps is possible with forced feed or a longer vertical feed , (if the balls are “falling”  faster into chamber there won’t be blanks) , 10 or 10.5 is the maximum of what my revolution loader can deliver continuously.


Backlit sets the intensity of the backlit when in menu mode , (backlit is always of in game mode) – 0 means off , 255 = max intensity


Those three menu-buttons (“+” ,  “Select” , “-“)      and the mini-jack connector to the Revolution-Loader


Battery is now inside the grip

… but a higher-capacity battery is recommended for trouble free , long play , go see the “PainmakerLCD Power”  page..



(Revolution-Loader mod.)

the button that detects when the lid is open , and the high-intensity-LED that’s used as a warning

button & LED in place , and also the original Revolution-loader electronics.

closed revolution-loader , with the mini-jack connector

difficult to photograph , but it’s the high intensity almost LED blending the camera to tell the ammo is low



  • Q: Is it an ADD-ON or what ?
  • A: It’s a complete replacement of ANY wires/electronics you might find inside your Rainmaker. or any compatible marker)


  • Q: Can you make it fit inside gripframe ?
  • A: ….technically yes , but not using the display I’ve programmed for (it’s too big) , I would also have to order some professional PCB’s made for  SMD (SurfaceMountedDevice) components. the size is as it is, because I did built it to be technically perfect , like : the PowerMOSFET controlling the valve is totally isolated from the CPU , using a optocoupler. , all this stuff takes some space u know.     , so…. It can fit inside , but will need a smaller display and a new PCB  , ….today , only the earlier project , the Painmaker (noLCD) can fit inside .. it has much common functionality , fire-modes/autorepeat  , on the other hand , a display inside grip us useless during play (may have little information and take some time too read)   , while when using this big LCD you can read it all very quickly by only turning the marker.


  • Q: Is it only for Rainmaker or will it fit any marker.?
  • A: It will work on ANY marker , the trigger input can handle both optical (semiconductor)) and mechanical-switch triggers , and the Valve/Solenoid output is very powerful , and can handle whatever load you need , the PowerMOSFET is driven by a higher voltage than it switches , it means the MOSFET is switching really FAST and powerful (very low internal resistance and low rise-time) NO other controller boards for any paintgun does this , as it requires a higher voltage than the CPU works at and thus a electrical isolation between PowerMOSFET and CPU  … The whole thing needs power supply between 7…24Volts.